A comparison of violence against women and pornography and an analysis of the issue of rape

These definitions of VAW as being gender-based are seen by some to be unsatisfactory and problematic. These definitions are conceptualized in an understanding of society as patriarchal, signifying unequal relations between men and women. Other critics argue that employing the term gender in this particular way may introduce notions of inferiority and subordination for femininity and superiority for masculinity. A man beating a woman is shown in the back.

A comparison of violence against women and pornography and an analysis of the issue of rape

This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Interpersonal violence whether it is sexual or nonsexual, remains a major problem in large parts of the world.

Sexual violence against children and women brings with it long-term sequelae, both psychiatrically and socially. Apart from sexual gratification itself, sexual violence against women is often a result of unequal power equations both real and perceived between men and women and is also strongly influenced by cultural factors and values.

Within sociocentric and ego-centric cultures, the roles and representations of genders, and attitudes toward sexual violence differ. Cultures which are described as feminist, provide equal power to both men and women.

INTRODUCTION

Sexual violence is likely to occur more commonly in cultures that foster beliefs of perceived male superiority and social and cultural inferiority of women. Although culture is an important factor to understand sexual violence in its entirety, we need to look at, as well as beyond cultural structures, their strengths and weaknesses.

Sexual violence is a profoundly negative and traumatic life event with widespread psychological and sociological effects on the victim irrespective of their gender. It is likely that the fear of sexual violence in women will restrict their freedom and occupational opportunities and affect their long-term psychological well-being.

Sexual violence is rarely discussed within professional circles partly because of ignorance and partly due to inexperience in asking serious personal sexual questions as well as associated social stigma and shame for the victim and those related to the victim.

It is both a health and a social concern with patriarchal, misogynist, and gender-shaming undertones. Although there are different forms of sexual violence for example, male-male sexual violence, male-transgender sexual violencewe focus on the male-female sexual violence in this paper.

Culture determines definitions and descriptions of normality and psychopathology. Culture plays an important role in how certain populations and societies view, perceive, and process sexual acts as well as sexual violence.

It, thus, amounts to sexual coercion and is considered illegal. However, the entire issue is sanctioned by personal laws defined by individuals who partake in such marriages[ 8 ] as condoned by Khap Panchayats who decide on marriage partners in certain parts of North India.

What is the influence of pornography on rape?

Similarly, sexual violence is considered legitimate by young men in South Africa who also believe that mental health is negatively affected by lack of sex. Higher rates of sexual violence are expected to be more prevalent in cultures that encourage objectification of women, thus making them appear inferior to men.

A sex ratio of in represents a male population of about According to the National Crime Records Bureau, the number of registered rape cases in India increased by This may lead to sexual jealousy and frustration among men contributing to sexual violence.

This hypothesis may, thus, not explain the rise in cases of child sexual abuse where there is no question of fidelity. It is, of course, entirely possible that this rise is likely with better and accurate reporting.

the abominable and detestable crime against nature covers the well-documented history of homosexuality mormonism from to Case Study: The Jake Baker Case and Violence Against Women on the Internet. As exemplified by the readings presented above, extensive academic debate has taken place concerning the legal issues and social ramifications implicated by the connection between pornography and violence against women. The overall objective of the Situation Analysis (SitAn) for Children and Women in the Gambia is to identify the issues and causes hindering the fulfillment of children’s and women’s rights, to analyze the capacity of duty bearers at all levels for meeting their obligations, to analyze the policy and legal frameworks for children, and make.

A paradoxical hypothesis by Guttentag and Secord[ 19 ] argues that a high sex ratio with fewer women compared to men raises the value that men give to women thus reducing the chances of him resorting to intimate partner violence including sexual violence. In addition to violence, the incident of sexual violence involves elements of control, power, domination, and humiliation.

It has also been postulated that gender equality may increase sexual violence in the form of male backlash,[ 24 ] with men being more commonly known to commit sexual violence across different cultures.

It is also entirely possible that increased media attention may attract some individuals to perform these acts so that they gain a degree of infamy. Attitudes Across cultures, attitudes toward gender are likely to affect how male-female relationships are viewed, and subsequently how the sexual offenders and the victims are viewed.

They assessed male introductory psychology students at the University of Manitoba and found that the likelihood of raping or likelihood of using force could be predicted on the basis of rape-supportive attitudes and a combination of attitude and sexuality variables but not on the basis of sexuality variables alone.

It is possible that cultures which have more sexually liberal attitudes may have higher rates of sexual violence but equally in less liberal societies same attitudes may apply.

Jaffee and Straus[ 28 ] indicated that there is no relationship between sexually liberal attitudes and sexual violence, but instead posited a significant association between urbanization, poverty, high percentage of divorced men, and incidence of reported sexual violence.

Stereotypes Burt[ 29 ] described rape as the psychological extension of a dominant-submissive sex-role stereotyped culture. Socioculturally transmitted attitudes toward women, rape, and rapists can predict sexual violence. Sexual violence can result from a misogynist attitude prevalent in a culture.The Negative Consequences of Women in the Media- Analysis of a Specific Ad that Exploits Women - When you first glance at this ad, you might say to yourself “I know what women in the media are all about, its sexism and stereotypes.”.

Interpersonal violence whether it is sexual or nonsexual, remains a major problem in large parts of the world.

A comparison of violence against women and pornography and an analysis of the issue of rape

Sexual violence against children and women brings with it long-term sequelae, both psychiatrically and socially. II. The Role Of Pornography In Undermining Some Males' Internal Inhibitions Against Acting Out The Desire To Rape “The movie was just like a big picture stand with words on it saying ‘go out and do it, everybody's doin' it, even the movies.‘” (Rapist interviewed by Beneke, , p.

). Ancient history of Bengal shows that Bangladesh is the only country in the Indian-Subcontinent that accepted several religions but the root of the social philosophy was the ancient "Kuamo Society" that accepted god as a human being (Mukhopadhya, ).

Rape in Afghanistan is a crime which can be legally prosecuted, but in practice it is very rarely reported, because of the immense risks that women face if they report it.

A comparison of violence against women and pornography and an analysis of the issue of rape

Rape victims in the country face a double risk of being subjected to violence: on one hand they can become victims of honor killings perpetrated by their families, and on the other hand they can be victimized by the laws of.

Reports of sexual assaults at the three military academies surged by more than 50 percent in the school year, and complaints of sexual harassment also spiked, according to documents reviewed by The Associated Press.

arsenic poisoning in Bangladesh/India