These are structural functionalism, conflict, and symbolic interactionism. Each has a different view on social institutions. Structural functionalism holds that a society is essentially like a living organism.
Hire Writer It is about who gets what, how they get it and why they get it. Inequality is typically tied to race, gender and class, with white, males, those with higher education levels, and those with higher incomes sit at the top of the hierarchy.
M,Themes and Perspectives of Sociology. However, all these are viewed from different perspectives such as Marxism and Functionalism etc. Whilst both theories have some similarities, they are very different in their interpretation. The word conflict describes those perspectives which assume that, in society, groups exist with differing interests.
Even though these two theories oppose, they do have some similarities. They both offer a macro-explanation of society meaning they both look at the overall structure of society, rather than looking at individual views. Functionalism and Marxism both see that human behaviour is directed by an external force.
These two theories also view society as a system of social structures and both agree that these social structures exist within a society. They both focus on the needs of the economy and how institutions relate to this.
Whilst there are some similarities, both are diametrically opposed in their interpretation of the social system. Functionalism is based on Consensus, which takes its starting point from the assumption that society is firmly structured and is the main element in shaping social behaviour.
This is the name given to very general and diverse movement that began in the 18th Century. Its basic idea was that reason could be applied to the world we live and lead to what has been described as the age of reason. Functionalism was influenced by a selection of key thinkers e.
Comte, Weber and Durkheim. Durkheim believed that in all societies there had to be some form of generally agreed principles, norms and values upon which a system of trust and justice can be based consensus.
Parsons, Comte and Durkheim all made contributions to the development of this theory. Social order is about how people behave in society. What is classified as what is right and wrong in society.
It is basically need for society to function properly. Bessant, Judith and Watts,Sociology Australia.
Like Durkheim, Parsons began with the question of how social order is possible. He believed that if people were allowed to pursue their own interests then there would be destruction.
Parsons believed that only a commitment to common values provides a basis for order in society value consensus.
However, Marxism is completely different to Functionalism. Marx argues that in each epoch the economy is the defining feature.
The economy therefore provides the infrastructure the base from which everything else is formed. Marx continues to explain how society works from his point of view.
Marx developed this idea out of his study of Hegel. Change occurs in functionalism through the entire system understanding the need for the change, feeling it internally and seeing it happen in other people Giddens, A.
Individuals may also see change happening and decide to alter their internal state. For example, you see your city begin to use recycling bins. Even though you have not thought about why you should recycle, you begin to do it.
Because others have felt it was necessary and acted on that thought with an ordinance for recycling bin placement, you are now influenced by their actions.Introduction to Sociology – 1st Canadian Edition. Main Body. Chapter 3. Culture Compare and contrast ethnocentrism and xenocentrism; Elements of Culture.
In contrast to subcultures, which operate relatively smoothly within the larger society, countercultures might actively defy larger society by developing their own set of rules.
Feb 07, · Compare And Contrast Essay Topics List. In choosing the compare and contrast essay topics the writer ought to identify topics that they can explore comfortably.
Merely mentioning the similarities and differences is not enough if one cannot analyze the main ideas.
Compare and Contrast and Two Sociological Theories This essay will compare and contrast and contrast two leading sociological theories: Marxism and Functionalism. Compare and contrast the Marxist and functionalist interpretations of education in society.
The role of education is to educate individuals within society and to prepare them for working life in the economy, also to integrate individuals and teach them the norms, values and roles within society. Feb 07, · Compare And Contrast Essay Topics List.
In choosing the compare and contrast essay topics the writer ought to identify topics that they can explore comfortably. Merely mentioning the similarities and differences is not enough if .
Compare and Contrast of 3 Sociology Theories Essay. Categories.
Free Essays; Tags. Sociology is the survey of society. Through the centuries. sociologists have tried to supply an account as to why and how worlds interact with each other on a societal footing. Sociologists have divided sociology into two degrees. microsociology and.