Here the spelling and the use of italics has been modernized; the subject headings which were set in the margins are placed in the body of the text; and the scripture references in the margin are inserted in the text in square brackets. The many references to works of the church fathers which appeared in the margins are here omitted. The Translators to the Reader The Best Things Have Been Calumniated Zeal to promote the common good, whether it be by devising anything ourselves, or revising that which hath been laboured by others, deserveth certainly much respect and esteem, but yet findeth but cold entertainment in the world. It is welcomed with suspicion instead of love, and with emulation instead of thanks:
A secondary school in the city, the Andrew Marvell Business and Enterprise College, is now named after him. He may well have served as a tutor for an aristocrat on the Grand Tourbut the facts are not clear on this point. While England was embroiled in the civil warMarvell seems to have remained on the continent until In Rome in he probably met the Villiers brothers, Lord Francis and the 2nd Duke of Buckinghamas well as Richard Flecknoeabout whom he would later on write a satirical poem.
He only belatedly became sympathetic to the successive regimes during the Interregnum after Charles I's execution on 30 January His "Horatian Ode", a political poem dated to earlyresponds with lament to the regicide even as it praises Oliver Cromwell 's return from Ireland.
He lived during that time at Nun Appleton Hallnear Yorkwhere he continued to write poetry. One poem, "Upon Appleton House, To My Lord Fairfax", uses a description of the estate as a way of exploring Fairfax's and Marvell's own situation in a time of war and political change.
Anglo-Dutch War and employment as Latin secretary[ edit ] During the period of increasing tensions leading up to the First Anglo-Dutch War ofMarvell wrote the satirical "Character of Holland," repeating the then-current stereotype of the Dutch as "drunken and profane": Oxenbridge had made two trips to Bermudaand it is thought that this inspired Marvell to write his poem Bermudas.
He also wrote several poems in praise of Cromwell, who was by this time Lord Protector of England. Oliver Cromwell died in He was succeeded as Lord Protector by his son Richard. Marvell avoided punishment for his own co-operation with republicanismand he helped convince the government of Charles II not to execute John Milton for his antimonarchical writings and revolutionary activities.
According to a biographer: Although circulated in manuscript form, some finding anonymous publication in print, they were too politically sensitive and thus dangerous to be published under his name until well after his death.
Marvell took up opposition to the 'court party', and satirised them anonymously. In his longest verse satire, Last Instructions to a Painter, written inMarvell responded to the political corruption that had contributed to English failures during the Second Anglo-Dutch War. The poem did not find print publication until after the Revolution of —9.
The poem instructs an imaginary painter how to picture the state without a proper navy to defend them, led by men without intelligence or courage, a corrupt and dissolute court, and dishonest officials. Of another such satire, Samuel Pepyshimself a government official, commented in his diary"Here I met with a fourth Advice to a Painter upon the coming in of the Dutch and the End of the War, that made my heart ake to read, it being too sharp and so true.
Four feet below this spot is the stone step, formerly the entrance to the cottage in which lived Andrew Marvell, poet, wit, and satirist; colleague with John Milton in the foreign or Latin secretaryship during the Commonwealth; and for about twenty years M.
This memorial is placed here by the London County Council, December, He died suddenly inwhile in attendance at a popular meeting of his old constituents at Hull.
His health had previously been remarkably good; and it was supposed by many that he was poisoned by some of his political or clerical enemies. Marvell was buried in the church of St Giles in the Fields in central London.
His monument, erected by his grateful constituency, bears the following inscription: Near this place lyeth the body of Andrew Marvell, Esq.
But a Tombstone can neither contain his character, nor is Marble necessary to transmit it to posterity; it is engraved in the minds of this generation, and will be always legible in his inimitable writings, nevertheless.
He having served twenty years successfully in Parliament, and that with such Wisdom, Dexterity, and Courage, as becomes a true Patriot, the town of Kingston-upon-Hull, from whence he was deputed to that Assembly, lamenting in his death the public loss, have erected this Monument of their Grief and their Gratitude, It may be noted that his epitaph pays more tribute to his political career than his poetry.
Marvell also wrote anonymous prose satires criticizing the monarchy and Catholicismdefending Puritan dissenters, and denouncing censorship. The Rehearsal Transpros'd, an attack on Samuel Parkerwas published in two parts in and Its full title is Remarks upon a late disingenuous discourse, writ by one T.
Views[ edit ] Although Marvell became a Parliamentarian and was opposed to episcopacyhe was not a Puritan.
Later in life especially, he seems to have been a conforming Anglican. Many of his poems were not published untilthree years after his death, from a collection owned by Mary Palmer, his housekeeper. After Marvell's death she laid dubious claim to having been his wife, from the time of a secret marriage in Eliot wrote of Marvell's style that 'It is more than a technical accomplishment, or the vocabulary and syntax of an epoch; it is, what we have designated tentatively as wit, a tough reasonableness beneath the slight lyric grace'.
He also identified Marvell and the metaphysical school with the 'dissociation of sensibility' that occurred in 17th-century English literature; Eliot described this trend as 'something which Marvell's most celebrated lyric, "To His Coy Mistress", combines an old poetic conceit the persuasion of the speaker's lover by means of a carpe diem philosophy with Marvell's typically vibrant imagery and easy command of rhyming couplets.
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