The majority of these experiments were unethical, and many violated just about every part of the Nuremburg Code.
Divination The method of obtaining knowledge of the unknown or the future by means of omens. Astrology and the utterances of oracles are usually regarded as branches of divination.
The derivation of the word supposes a direct message from the gods to the diviner. Divination was practiced in all grades of primitive communities and civilizations. The methods are many and various, and, strangely enough, in their variety are confined to no one portion of the world. Crystal gazing and such allied methods as shell hearing may be classed as divination that arises from the personal consciousness of the diviner.
Of the same class is divination by dreams, automatic writing, and so forth. What might be called divination by "luck" is represented by the use of cards, the casting of lots, the use of knuckle bones as in Africa and elsewhere, or coconuts as in Polynesia.
Haruspicy, or the inspection of entrails, divination by footprints in ashes, by the flight of birds, or by meeting with ominous animals, represents still a third class of divination. The art of divination is usually practiced among primitive races by the shaman caste; among more sophisticated peoples by the professional diviner—as in Rome and ancient Mexico — and even among modern civilized people by persons who claim the faculty of divination, such as the Spiritualist medium or the witch.
The art is undoubtedly of great antiquity. It was employed in ancient Egypt side by side with astrology, and divination by dreams was constantly resorted to, a class of priests being kept apart, whose office it was to interpret dreams and visions.
Instances of dreams are recorded in the ancient Egyptian texts; for example those of Thothmes IV, king of Egypt in B. The Egyptian magician usually set himself to procure dreams for his clients by such devices as the drawing of magic pictures and the reciting of magic words, and some of these are still extant.
In Egypt, however, divination was usually effected by astrological methods. In ancient China the principal method of divination was by means of the oracles, but such forms as the examination of the marks on the shell of a tortoise, are also found; they are similar to the examination of the back of a peccary by the Maya of Central America.
Chinese monarchs consulted the fates in this manner in B.
Omens, however, were by no means ignored, and were given great prominence, as many tales in the ancient books testify.
In ancient Rome a distinct caste or college of priests called augurs was set apart to interpret the signs of approval or disapproval sent by the gods in reference to any coming event. The college remained in existence as late as the fourth century, and its members held office for life.
A tenet of the Roman augurs was that for signs of the gods one must look toward the sky and glean knowledge of the intentions of the divine beings from such omens as the flash of lightning and the flight of birds.
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Sidney Gottlieb, presided over the Central Intelligence Agency’s cold-war efforts to control the human mind.
He will always be remembered as the Government chemist who dosed Americans with psychedelics in the name of national security, the man who brought LSD to the C.I.A. QUICK PEEK HANDWRITING ANALYSIS In this lesson, students become graphologists as they work in groups to study and analyze handwriting. SUGGESTED GRADE LEVELS: 3–6 ILLINOIS STATE LEARNING GOALS SCIENCE PREPARE YOURSELF Make student copies of the Blank Check.
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The Wicca Handbook is both a tutorial for new witches and an exceptionally well-organized reference book for experienced practitioners. It guides us through the first steps in becoming a witch and explores many Wiccan traditions, initiations, and magical practices.
About the Author. I decided to write my autobiography and place it at the end of the family history for anyone who might be interested. The first chapter tells several different stories all at the same time, which can get a little confusing.