Made by Jefferson, this doubled the size of the US.
Context[ edit ] There was never a set of principles defining manifest destiny, therefore it was always a general idea rather than a specific policy made with a motto. Ill-defined but keenly felt, manifest destiny was an expression of conviction in the morality and value of expansionism that complemented other popular ideas of the era, including American exceptionalism and Romantic nationalism.
Andrew Jacksonwho spoke of "extending the area of freedom", typified the conflation of America's potential greatness, the nation's budding sense of Romantic self-identity, and its expansion.
Owing in part to the lack of a definitive narrative outlining its rationale, proponents offered divergent or seemingly conflicting viewpoints. While many writers focused primarily upon American expansionism, be it into Mexico or across the Pacific, others saw the term as a call to example.
Without an agreed upon interpretation, much less an elaborated political philosophy, these conflicting views of America's destiny were never resolved. This variety of possible meanings was summed up by Ernest Lee Tuveson: They are not, as we should expect, all compatible, nor do they come from any one source.
O'Sullivansketched inManifest destiny and monroe doctrine the an influential columnist as a young man, but he is now generally remembered only for his use of the phrase "manifest destiny" to advocate the annexation of Texas and Oregon.
O'Sullivan was an influential advocate for Jacksonian democracy and a complex character, described by Julian Hawthorne as "always full of grand and world-embracing schemes". O'Sullivan's first usage of the phrase "manifest destiny" attracted little attention. O'Sullivan argued that the United States had the right to claim "the whole of Oregon": And that claim is by the right of our manifest destiny to overspread and to possess the whole of the continent which Providence has given us for the development of the great experiment of liberty and federated self-government entrusted to us.
Because Britain would not spread democracy, thought O'Sullivan, British claims to the territory should be overruled. O'Sullivan believed that manifest destiny was a moral ideal a "higher law" that superseded other considerations. He believed that the expansion of the United States would happen without the direction of the U.
After Americans immigrated to new regions, they would set up new democratic governments, and then seek admission to the United States, as Texas had done. InO'Sullivan predicted that California would follow this pattern next, and that Canada would eventually request annexation as well.
He disapproved of the Mexican—American War inalthough he came to believe that the outcome would be beneficial to both countries. Whigs denounced manifest destiny, arguing, "that the designers and supporters of schemes of conquest, to be carried on by this government, are engaged in treason to our Constitution and Declaration of Rights, giving aid and comfort to the enemies of republicanism, in that they are advocating and preaching the doctrine of the right of conquest".
Winthrop was the first in a long line of critics who suggested that advocates of manifest destiny were citing "Divine Providence" for justification of actions that were motivated by chauvinism and self-interest.
Despite this criticism, expansionists embraced the phrase, which caught on so quickly that its origin was soon forgotten. Themes and influences[ edit ] Historian William E.
Weeks has noted that three key themes were usually touched upon by advocates of manifest destiny: We have it in our power to begin the world over again. A situation, similar to the present, hath not happened since the days of Noah until now.
The birthday of a new world is at hand Many Americans agreed with Paine, and came to believe that the United States' virtue was a result of its special experiment in freedom and democracy. Thomas Jefferson, in a letter to James Monroewrote, "it is impossible not to look forward to distant times when our rapid multiplication will expand itself beyond those limits, and cover the whole northern, if not the southern continent.
A popular expression of America's mission was elaborated by President Abraham Lincoln's description in his December 1,message to Congress. He described the United States as "the last, best hope of Earth".
The "mission" of the United States was further elaborated during Lincoln's Gettysburg Addressin which he interpreted the Civil War as a struggle to determine if any nation with democratic ideals could survive; this has been called by historian Robert Johannsen "the most enduring statement of America's Manifest Destiny and mission".
Clinton Rossitera scholar, described this view as summing "that God, at the proper stage in the march of history, called forth certain hardy souls from the old and privilege-ridden nations Americans presupposed that they were not only divinely elected to maintain the North American continent, but also to "spread abroad the fundamental principles stated in the Bill of Rights".
Faragher's analysis of the political polarization between the Democratic Party and the Whig Party is that: Most Democrats were wholehearted supporters of expansion, whereas many Whigs especially in the North were opposed.
Whigs welcomed most of the changes wrought by industrialization but advocated strong government policies that would guide growth and development within the country's existing boundaries; they feared correctly that expansion raised a contentious issue, the extension of slavery to the territories.
On the other hand, many Democrats feared industrialization the Whigs welcomed For many Democrats, the answer to the nation's social ills was to continue to follow Thomas Jefferson's vision of establishing agriculture in the new territories in order to counterbalance industrialization.
This view also held that "inferior races were doomed to subordinate status or extinction. Many began to see this as the beginning of a new providential mission:manifest destiny and the monroe doctrine What was the idea of Manifest Destiny and the Monroe Doctrine?
The Manifest Destiny bore the idea that the United States had the rightful destiny of imperialistic expansion into new territories. Apr 05, · Watch video · Manifest Destiny, a phrase coined in , expressed the philosophy that drove 19th-century U.S.
territorial expansion. Manifest Destiny held that the United Monroe Doctrine. On December 2. The Monroe Doctrine and Manifest Destiny Expansion of influence and territory off the continent became an important corollary to westward expansion.
One of the main goals of the U.S. government was the prevention of outside involvement of European countries in the affairs of the western hemisphere. Manifest Destiny & the Monroe Doctrine - Free download as Word Doc .doc), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free.
Manifest Destiny and Monroe Doctrine were accepted as the basis for US foreign policy during much of the 19th and 20th centuries. Manifest Destiny, in its broadest interpretation, meant that Americans were a chosen .
Jul 10, · In this segment of the US History EOC Review series, Tom Richey discusses the ideas of Manifest Destiny and the Monroe Doctrine and how they affected United States policies of Westward expansion.