Therefore, a shift towards sustainable materials to lessen the environmental cost of plastic use seems to be a primary agenda for many global companies and retailers.
Retailing in antiquity[ edit ] Marketplace at Trajan's Forum, the earliest known example of permanent retail shopfronts Retail markets have existed since ancient times. Archaeological evidence for trade, probably involving barter systems, dates back more than 10, years.
As civilizations grew, barter was replaced with retail trade involving coinage. These markets typically occupied a place in the town's centre. Surrounding the market, skilled artisans, such as metal-workers and leather workers, occupied permanent premises in alleys that led to the open market-place.
These artisans may have sold wares directly from their premises, but also prepared goods for sale on market days. The latter was a vast expanse, comprising multiple buildings with shops on four levels.
The Phoenicians imported and exported wood, textiles, glass and produce such as wine, oil, dried fruit and nuts.
Their trading skills necessitated a network of colonies along the Mediterranean coast, stretching from modern day Crete through to Tangiers and onto Sardinia  The Phoenicians not only traded in tangible goods, but were also instrumental in transporting culture.
The Phoenician's extensive trade networks necessitated considerable book-keeping and correspondence. In around BCE, the Phoenicians developed a consonantal alphabet which was much easier to learn that the complex scripts used in ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia.
Phoenician traders and merchants were largely responsible for spreading their alphabet around the region.
Established init is thought to be the oldest continuously operating covered market In the Graeco-Roman world, the market primarily served the local peasantry.
Local producers, who were generally poor, would sell small surpluses from their individual farming activities, purchase minor farm equipment and also buy a few luxuries for their homes. Major producers such as the great estates were sufficiently attractive for merchants to call directly at their farm-gates, obviating the producers' need to attend local markets.
The very wealthy landowners managed their own distribution, which may have involved exporting and importing. The nature of export markets in antiquity is well documented in ancient sources and archaeological case studies.
In 13th century London, mercers and haberdashers were known to exist and grocers sold "miscellaneous small wares as well as spices and medicines" but fish and other perishables were sold through markets, costermongers, hucksters, peddlers or other type of itinerant vendor.
In Chestera medieval covered shopping arcade represented a major innovation that attracted shoppers from many miles around. Known as " The Rows" this medieval shopping arcade is believed to be the first of its kind in Europe. A typical 17th century shop, with customers being served through an opening onto the street Medieval shops had little in common with their modern equivalent.
As late as the 16th century, London's shops were described as little more than "rude booths" and their owners "bawled as loudly as the itinerants. The shutters were designed to open so that the top portion formed a canopy while the bottom was fitted with legs so that it could serve as a shopboard.
Glazed windows, which were rare during the medieval period, and did not become commonplace until the eighteenth century, meant that shop interiors were dark places.Promotional strategies followed at Big Bazaar are: Monthly Bachat Offers (Offer available at Big Bazaar stores in Hyderabad): Big Bazaar is offering monthly bachat offers and some of them areFortune Sunflower Oil (5 litres) worth Rs.
jeans and trousers for Rs and HCL laptops for Rs department of management studies - batch list of candidates project titles and company mba student project list. After marketing communications are assigned, the promotional plan must be formally defined in a written document.
In this document, you should include situation analysis, copy platform, timetables for effective integration of promotional elements with elements in your marketing vetconnexx.com will also need to determine how you will measure the effectiveness .
Effectiveness of Retailing Mix in Big Bazaar (MBA Marketing) Radio as a promotional tool an exploratory study (MBA Marketing) What are the content available in project report file?
Can you provide Project Presentation File also, if I buy complete project? MBA Project List by RM Solution Subject: [email protected] Author + The project titled „A Study on the effective promotional strategy influences customer for the product of Big Bazaar and D-Mart‟ helps us to understand the effect of promotional strategy which is responsible for attracting customers towards big bazaar & d-mart This study is helpful to top level management to improve the present promotional strategy .
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