The issue of drugs and its abuse

Food and Drug Administration issued a warning statement on July 19, about numerous health emergencies, mostly in midwestern states, caused by consumption of synthetic cannabinoid products laced with brodifacoum, an anticoagulant blood-thinning compound commonly used in rat poison. Hundreds of users of synthetic cannabinoid products typically sold in gas stations and convenience stores under various brand names such as "K2" and "Spice" have been treated for complications such as bleeding, and several people have died.

The issue of drugs and its abuse

Share Your Story Drug abuse and addiction, now both grouped as drug use disorder, is a condition that is characterized by a self-destructive pattern of using a substance that leads to significant problems and distress, which may include tolerance to or withdrawal from the substance.

Dual diagnosis refers to the presence of both a drug-use issue in addition to a serious mental-health condition in an individual. Virtually any substance whose ingestion can result in a euphoric "high" feeling can be abused.

Inhalants like household cleaners are some of the most commonly abused The issue of drugs and its abuse. While the specific physical and psychological effects of drug use disorder tend to vary based on the particular substance involved, the general effects of a substance use disorder involving any drug can be devastating.

Although drug use disorders have no single cause, there are a number of biological, psychological, and social risk factors that can predispose a person to developing a chemical use disorder. Symptoms of a drug use disorder include recurrent drug use that results in legal problems, occurs in potentially dangerous situations, interfere with important obligations, results in social or relationship problems, tolerance, withdrawal, using a lot of the drug or for a long period of time, persistent desire to use the drug, unsuccessful efforts to stop using the drug, neglecting other aspects of life because of their drug use, and spending inordinate amounts of time or energy getting, using, or recovering from the effects of the drug.

While the specific effects of drugs on the brain can somewhat vary depending on the drug that is being used, virtually every substance that is abused has an effect on the executive-functioning areas of the brain. Treatment services for drug use disorders remain largely underutilized by most people who suffer from these conditions.

The primary goals of recovery are abstinence, relapse prevention, and rehabilitation. During the initial stage of abstinence, a person who suffers from chemical dependency may need detoxification treatment to help avoid or lessen the effects of withdrawal.

Often, much more challenging and time-consuming than recovery from the physical aspects of addiction is psychological addiction. Drug addiction increases the risk of a number of negative life stressors and conditions, particularly if left untreated.

Recovery from a substance use disorder is usually characterized by episodes of remission and relapse. Quick GuideAddicted to Pills: Sociology professors studied a sample of over boys from diverse racial and ethnic groups for a period of nine years to try to identify potential early warning signs for drug dependence.

Boys who had very low self-esteem in the sixth or seventh grade were 1. Those who believed that their peers approved of alcohol, tobacco, or drug use were also more likely to be drug-dependent later in life. Formerly separately called drug abuse and drug addiction, drug use disorder, also called substance use or chemical use disorder, is an illness that is characterized by a destructive pattern of using a substance that leads to significant problems or distress, including tolerance to or withdrawal from the substance, as well as other problems that use of the substance can cause for the sufferer, either socially or in terms of their work or school performance.

The effects of drug use disorders on society are substantial. The cultivation of marijuana and production of synthetic drugs like methamphetamine has negative impact on soil and water supplies. Drug law infractions make up the most common reason for arrest in the United States, more than 14 million in Teens are increasingly engaging in prescription drug abuse, particularly narcotics which are prescribed to relieve severe painand stimulant medications, which treat conditions like attention-deficit disorder and narcolepsy.

The term dual diagnosis refers to the presence of both a drug use disorder and a serious mental-health problem in a person. Substance use disorders, unfortunately, occur quite commonly in people who also have severe mental illness. Individuals with dual diagnosis are also at higher risk of being noncompliant with treatment.

What types of drugs are commonly abused? While many are aware of the abuse of legal substances like alcohol or illegal drugs like marijuana in most states and cocaineless well-known is the fact that inhalants like household cleaners and over-the-counter medications like cold medicines are some of the most commonly abused substances.

Although legal, alcohol is a toxic substance, especially for a developing fetus when a mother consumes this drug during pregnancy. This group of drugs comes in many forms, from prescription medications like methylphenidate for example, RitalinConcertaFocalin and dextroamphetamine and amphetamine Adderall to illegally manufactured drugs like methamphetamine "crystal meth".

Overdose of any of these substances can result in seizure and death. A group of substances that is most often abused by bodybuilders and other athletes, this group of drugs can lead to devastating emotional symptoms like aggression and paranoiaas well as severe long-term physical effects like infertility and organ failure.

While it is consumed by many coffee, tea, and soda drinkers, when consumed in excess, this substance can be habit-forming and produce palpitationsinsomniatremorsirritability, and significant anxiety.

More usually called marijuana, the scientific name for cannabis is tetrahydrocannabinol THC. Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug, with nearly 29 million people 12 years or older reporting having used this drug in the past year.

In addition to the negative effects the drug itself can produce for example, infertilitydifficulties with sexual performance, paranoia, lack of motivationthe fact that it is commonly mixed "cut" with other substances so drug dealers can make more money selling the diluted substance or expose the user to more addictive drugs exposes the marijuana user to the dangers associated with those added substances.

Examples of ingredients that marijuana is commonly cut with include baby powder, oregano, embalming fluid, phencyclidine PCPopiates, and cocaine.

A drug that tends to stimulate the nervous system, cocaine can be snorted in powder form, smoked when in the form of rocks "crack" cocaineor injected when made into a liquid.Drug abuse and addiction, now both grouped as drug use disorder, is a condition that is characterized by a self-destructive pattern of using a substance that leads to significant problems and distress, which may include tolerance to or withdrawal from the substance.

GHB or Gamma Hydroxybutyrate (C 4 H 8 O 3) is a central nervous system (CNS) depressant that is commonly referred to as a “club drug” or “date rape” drug. GHB is abused by teens and young adults at bars, parties, clubs and “raves” (all night dance parties), and is often placed in.

The issue of drugs and its abuse

Drugs of Abuse delivers clear, scientific information about drugs in a factual, straightforward way. With the information in this guide, parents and caregivers can help their children make smart choices and avoid the consequences of drug abuse.

Addiction is a disease that affects your brain and behavior. When you’re addicted to drugs, you can’t resist the urge to use them, no matter how much harm the drugs may cause.

Drug addiction. New drugs and drug use trends often burst on the scene rapidly. NIDA’s National Drug Early Warning System (NDEWS) reports on emerging trends and patterns in many metropolitan areas and states.

How Common are Drug and Substance Abuse Problems? Misuse of alcohol or other drugs is a common cause of physical and mental health problems in older Americans, especially older men. Rates of illegal drug use and dependence are lower in the older population than in younger people.

Addiction and Health | National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)