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Gratuities are often seen as the first step on the slippery slope toward major corruption (Coleman, ), and it is for this reason that accepting gratuities is always frowned upon by law enforcement agencies. Gratuities are often seen as the first step on the slippery slope toward major corruption (Coleman, ), and it is for this reason that accepting gratuities is always frowned upon by law enforcement agencies. Sep 02, · All these are difficult to achieve, and require experimentation and different thinking. The slippery slope of corruption has a powerful downdraft where the weak and the honest suffer the vetconnexx.com: Prabhudev Konana.
The idea being that through a series of intermediate steps p will imply z. Some writers point out that strict necessity isn't required and it can still be characterized as a slippery slope if at each stage the next step is plausible.
A slippery slope argument is typically a negative argument where there is an attempt to dissuade someone from taking a course of action because if they do it will lead to some unacceptable conclusion. In logic and critical thinking textbooks slippery slopes and slippery slope arguments are normally discussed as a form of fallacy although there may be an acknowledgement that non-fallacious forms of the argument can also exist.
The judgmental type may be further sub-divided into conceptual slippery slopes and decisional slippery slopes. Conceptual slippery slopes, which Trudy Govier calls the fallacy of slippery assimilation,   are closely related to the sorites paradox so, for example, in the context of talking about slippery slopes Merilee Salmon can say, "The slippery slope is an ancient form of reasoning.
According to van Fraassen The Scientific Imagethe argument is found in Sextus Empiricus that incest is not immoral, on the grounds that 'touching your mother's big toe with your little finger is not immoral, and all the rest differs only by degree.
The difficulty in classifying slippery slope arguments is that there is no clear consensus in the literature as to how terminology should be used.
It has been said that whilst these two fallacies "have a relationship which may justify treating them together", they are also distinct, and "the fact that they share a name is unfortunate". So, for example, Christopher Tindale gives a definition that only fits the causal type.
He says, "Slippery Slope reasoning is a type of negative reasoning from consequences, distinguished by the presence of a causal chain leading from the proposed action to the negative outcome.
He says that, "The domino argument has a sequence of events in which each one in the sequence causes the next one to happen in such a manner that once the first event occurs it will lead to the next event, and so forth, until the last event in the sequence finally occurs… and …is clearly different from the slippery slope argument, but can be seen as a part of it, and closely related to it.
If we once begin to take a certain course there is no knowing where we shall be able to stop within any show of consistency; there would be no reason for stopping anywhere in particular, and we should be led on, step by step into action or opinions that we all agree to call undesirable or untrue.
However, the wedge metaphor also captures the idea that unpleasant end result is a wider application of a principle associated with the initial decision which is often a feature of decisional slippery slopes due to their incremental nature but may be absent from causal slippery slopes.
Domino fallacy[ edit ] T. Edward Damerin his book Attacking Faulty Reasoningdescribes what others might call a causal slippery slope but says, "While this image may be insightful for understanding the character of the fallacy, it represents a misunderstanding of the nature of the causal relations between events.
Every causal claim requires a separate argument.
Hence, any "slipping" to be found is only in the clumsy thinking of the arguer, who has failed to provide sufficient evidence that one causally explained event can serve as an explanation for another event or for a series of events. Howard Kahane suggests that the domino variation of the fallacy has gone out of fashion because it was tied the domino theory for the United States becoming involved in the war in Vietnam and although the U.
In particular the structural analyses of slippery slope arguments derived from English writing are largely transferred directly to the dam burst argument. Walton arges that although the two are comparable "the metaphor of the dam bursting carries with it no essential element of a sequence of steps from an initial action through a gray zone with its accompanying loss of control eventuated in the ultimate outcome of the ruinous disaster.
For these reasons, it seems best to propose drawing a distinction between dam burst arguments and slippery slope arguments. For example, people have called such arguments "wedge" or "thin edge of the wedge", " camel's nose " or "camel's nose in the tent", "parade of horrors" or " parade of horribles ", " domino ", Boiling Frog and " this could snowball " arguments.
All of these metaphors suggest that allowing one practice or policy could lead us to allow a series of other practices or policies. Lode says that "although all SSAs share certain features, they are a family of related arguments rather than a class of arguments whose members all share the same form.
Other writers have given a general definition that will encompass the diversity of slippery slope arguments. Eugene Volokh says, "I think the most useful definition of a slippery slope is one that covers all situations where decision A, which you might find appealing, ends up materially increasing the probability that others will bring about decision B, which you oppose.
Most of the more detailed analysis of slippery slopes has been done by those who hold that genuine slippery slopes are of the decisional kind. Lode, having claimed that SSAs are not a single class of arguments whose members all share the same form, nevertheless goes on to suggest the following common features.
They say, "Although there is no paradigm case of the slippery slope argument, there are characteristic features of all such arguments. The key components of slippery slope arguments are three: An initial, seemingly acceptable argument and decision; A "danger case"—a later argument and decision that are clearly unacceptable; A "process" or "mechanism" by which accepting the initial argument and making the initial decision raise the likelihood of accepting the later argument and making the later decision.
An initial proposal A. The belief that allowing A will lead to a re-evaluation of C in the future. The rejection of A based on this belief. The alleged danger lurking on the slippery slope is the fear that a presently unacceptable proposal C will by any number of psychological processes—see, e.
He says, there are four basic components, "One is a first step, an action or policy being considered. A second is a sequence in which this action leads to other actions.
A third is a so-called gray zone or area of indeterminacy along the sequence where the agent loses control. The fourth is the catastrophic outcome at the very end of the sequence.According to the theory of the slippery slope he does.
“O.W. Wilson, Patrick V. Murphy, and many other experienced officials have contended that the slippery slope of corruption begins with any gratuity.” (Delattre, ) You may find yourself wondering what the slippery slope is in . For the Running Header: THE SLIPPERY SLOPE TO CORRUPTION The Slippery Slope to Corruption and the Public Corruption of Police Officers Ricky A Price, Col.
U.S.A.F. (Ret) Kaplan University Online CJ Applied Criminal Justice Ethics Professor Kevin Stoehr 10 July The law enforcement agent, that represents government, bears the heavy. Police Ethics in Criminal Justice Explain the "Slippery Slope" and its relationship to gratuities in detail, using examples Police corruption is undeniably a serious problem.
Slippery Slope and Law Enforcement Definition "An idea or course of action which will lead to something unacceptable, wrong, or disastrous." Examples of Slippery Slope Police officer accepts a gratuity in return he or she is influenced to bend the law for that person.
Examples of Slippery Slope Grass-eaters: Accept small gratuities. Don't seek them out. What is meant by the "SLippery Slope"? -first introduced by Sherman in ' -this notion offers that the acceptance of gifts by police offices begins on a small scale, but eventually develops into corruption on a much larger scale.
Major forms of corruption constitute a strong threat to the functioning of societies.
The most frequent explanation of how severe corruption emerges is the slippery-slope metaphor—the notion.